National Development Plan


The NDP serves as an action plan for securing the future of South Africans as charted in the Constitution. The Constitution requires that “we must build a united and democratic South Africa, able to take its rightful place as a sovereign state in the family of nations”. The NDP is founded on 6 pillars that represent the broad objectives of the plan to eliminate poverty and reduce inequality.

The NDP aims to achieve the following objectives by 2030:

  • Uniting South Africans of all races and classes around a common programme to eliminate poverty and reduce inequality
  • Encourage citizens to be active in their own development, in strengthening democracy and in holding their government accountable
  • Raising economic growth, promoting exports and making the economy more labour absorbing
  • Focusing on key capabilities of both people and the country
  • Capabilities include skills, infrastructure, social security, strong institutions and partnerships both within the country and with key international partners
  • Building a capable and developmental state
  • Strong leadership throughout society that work together to solve our problems

According to the NDP by 2030 there should be:

  • A reduction in the number of people who live in households with a monthly income below R419 per person from 39 percent to zero.
  • A reduction in inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient, from 0.69 to 0.6.

This can be done by addressing the underlying causes of poverty and inequality by redirecting the focus of policy making from short- term symptom- based policies to longer- term policies based on sound evidence and reason. At the core of the NDP, the NDP aims to ensure the achievement of a “decent standard of living” for all South Africans by 2030.

A decent standard of living consists of the following core elements:

  • Housing, water, electricity and sanitation
  • Safe and reliable public transport
  • Quality education and skills development
  • Safety and security
  • Quality health care
  • Social protection
  • Employment
  • Recreation and leisure
  • Clean environment
  • Adequate nutrition

Government alone cannot provide a decent standard of living; it requires determined and measurable actions from all social actors and partners across all sectors in society. The NDP is divided into thirteen chapters that addresses the most pressing challenges facing South Africa and provides solutions to these challenges in the form of proposals and actions. The plan outlines sector specific goals and a vision for South Africa to be achieved by the year 2030.

The NDP and its proposals need to be implemented in the correct order over the next 15 years (3 phases), for the achievement of Vision 2030 to become a reality. The NDP calls on all South Africans from all walks of life to join forces, uniting all energies towards the implementation of this plan. This is our plan, our future, let’s make it work!